Evolution of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Parents of Very Preterm Infants During the Newborn Period

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 Carmen et al, JAMA Pediatr. July 18, 2016.  ABSTRACT Importance:  Mothers experience heightened depression and anxiety following very preterm (VPT) birth, but how these symptoms evolve during the first months after birth is unknown. Research on the psychological adjustment of fathers following VPT birth is limited. Objectives:  To describe the trajectory …

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Neonatal endotracheal intubation: How to make it more baby friendly.

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Maheshwari et al, J Paediatr Child Health. 2016 May Neonatal endotracheal intubation is commonly accompanied by significant disturbances in physiological parameters. The procedure is often poorly tolerated, and multiple attempts are commonly required before the airway is secured. Adverse physiological effects include hypoxemia, bradycardia, hypertension, elevation in intracranial pressure and possibly …

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Acetaminophen use in pregnancy and neurodevelopment: attention function and autism spectrum symptoms.

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Garcia et al, Int J Epidemiol. 2016 Jun 28. Abstract BACKGROUND: Acetaminophen is extensively used during pregnancy. But there is a lack of population-representative cohort studies evaluating its effects on a range of neuropsychological and behavioural endpoints. We aimed to assess whether prenatal exposure to acetaminophen is adversely associated with neurodevelopmental outcomes …

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Use of intravenous immunoglobulin in neonates at a tertiary academic hospital: a retrospective 11-year study.

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Lieberman et al, Transfusion. 2016 Jul 26 Abstract BACKGROUND: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is used to treat a variety of diseases in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Although audits have reported on the spectrum of IVIG use in adults, the indications and utilization in neonates has not been investigated. The objectives …

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Diagnosis Accuracy of Transcutaneous Bilirubinometry in Very Preterm Newborns

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Rubio et al, Neonatology. 2016 Aug  Abstract BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) is a validated test for systematic screening of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and monitoring term and near-term infants under phototherapy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate TcB diagnostic accuracy for very preterm neonates. CONCLUSION: Among very preterm babies, TcB measurements might be useful for screening for neonatal jaundice …

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Red Blood Cell Transfusion and Clinical Outcomes in Extremely Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants.

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Wang et al, Pediatr Neonatol. 2016 Jul 5 Abstract BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is often considered a life-saving measure in critically ill neonates. The smallest and least mature infants tend to receive the largest amount of transfusions. RBC transfusion itself has also been suggested as an independent risk factor …

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ELBW survivors in early adulthood have higher hepatic, pancreatic and subcutaneous fat

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Crane et al, Sci Rep. 2016 Aug  Abstract Premature birth in conjunction with extremely low birth weight (<1 kg, ELBW) is associated with insulin resistance and increased cardiometabolic health risk compared to birth at full term with normal birth weight (NBW). However, little is known regarding the biologic mediators of these effects. …

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