Intussusception Rates Before and After the Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccine.

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Tate et al, Pediatrics 2016 Abstract BACKGROUND: Recent US studies have identified a small increased risk of intussusception after rotavirus vaccination, mainly after the first dose. We examined trends in intussusception hospitalizations before (2000-2005) and after (2007-2013) rotavirus vaccine introduction to assess whether this observed temporal risk translates into more …

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Differences Between Transcutaneous and Serum Bilirubin Measurements in Black African Neonates

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Bolajoko et al, Pediatrics, August 2016 Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) correlates positively with total serum bilirubin (TSB) across different racial populations. However, little is known about the pattern of divergence between TcB and TSB at individual patient-level and the relationship with TcB measuring techniques among African neonates. This …

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Changing the Definition of Critical Heart Disease in the Newborn

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Słodki; J Perinatol. 2016 Abstract Infants born with congenital heart disease (CHD) may require emergent treatment in the newborn period. These infants are likely to benefit the most from a prenatal diagnosis, which allows for optimal perinatal planning. Several cardiac centers have created guidelines for the management of these high-risk patients …

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Burden and Outcomes of Severe Pertussis Infection in Critically Ill Infants

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Straney, et al, Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Abstract Objectives: Despite World Health Organization endorsed immunization schedules, Bordetella pertussis continu es to cause severe infections, predominantly in infants. There is a lack of data on the frequency and outcome of severe pertussis infections in infants requiring ICU admission. We aimed to …

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Risk of Preterm or Small-for-Gestational-Age Birth After Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

Vazquez-Benitez et al, Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Abstract Vaccines are increasingly targeted to ward women of reproductive age, and vaccines to prevent influenza and pertussis are recommended during pregnancy. Prelicensure clinical trials typically have not included pregnant women, and when they are included, trials cannot detect rare events. Thus, postmarketing vaccine …

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Noninvasive ventilation for RDS in preterm infants

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Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference, October 2016 Prof  Nesrin Handoka,    Associate professor of pediatrics, Head of pediatric department, Port said university Abstract: Introduction: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is the most common respiratory morbidity in preterm infants. Invasive mechanical ventilation through the endotracheal tube (ETT) has been the …

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Guidelines of Acute caustic injury and foreign body ingestion in children

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Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference, October 2016 Prof  Tarek Barakat, MD Ass Professor of Pediatrics/ Gastroentrerology& Hepatology Faculty of Medicine – Mansoura University Ingestion of caustic agents and foreign bodies by children is not uncommon, sometimes potentially serious event. The gold standard of safely assessing depth, extent of …

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