GUIDELINES ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, SEDENTARY BEHAVIOUR AND SLEEP FOR CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OF AGE

WHO has released new guide­lines on phys­i­cal activ­i­ty, seden­tary behav­ior and sleep for chil­dren under 5 years of age. The new guide­lines set, for the first time, how long very young chil­dren should sit watch­ing screens, called ‘seden­tary screen time’. Qual­i­ty seden­tary time young chil­dren spend in inter­ac­tive non-screen-based activ­i­ties with a care­giv­er is…

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Association of Prenatal Exposure to Valproate and Other Antiepileptic Drugs With Risk for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Offspring

Chris­tensen et al, JAMA, Jan 2019 Impor­tance  Val­proate is an antiepilep­tic drug (AED) used in the treat­ment of epilep­sy and many oth­er neu­ro­log­i­cal and psy­chi­atric dis­or­ders. Its use in preg­nan­cy is asso­ci­at­ed with increased risks of con­gen­i­tal mal­for­ma­tions and adverse neu­rode­vel­op­ment in the off­spring and may be asso­ci­at­ed with an increased…

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Gestational Age and Socioeconomic Achievements in Young Adulthood A Danish Population-Based Study

Bil­steen et al, JAMA, Decem­ber 14, 2018 Impor­tance  The poor health out­comes asso­ci­at­ed with preterm birth are well estab­lished. How­ev­er, it is less clear how small vari­a­tions in ges­ta­tion­al age, even with­in the term range, are asso­ci­at­ed with long-term oppor­tu­ni­ties and well-being, as mea­sured by socioe­co­nom­ic out­comes in adult­hood. Objec­tive  To exam­ine the asso­ci­a­tion…

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Maternal Smoking Before and During Pregnancy and the Risk of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death

Tatiana M. Ander­son OBJECTIVES: Mater­nal smok­ing dur­ing preg­nan­cy is an estab­lished risk fac­tor for sud­den unex­pect­ed infant death (SUID). Here, we aim to inves­ti­gate the effects of mater­nal prepreg­nan­cy smok­ing, reduc­tion dur­ing preg­nan­cy, and smok­ing dur­ing preg­nan­cy on SUID rates. RESULTSSUID risk more than dou­bled (adjust­ed odds ratio [aOR] = 2.44;…

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Risk of Bacterial Co- infections in Febrile Infants 60 Days Old and Younger with Documented Viral Infections

Maha­jan et al, J Pedi­atr. 2018 Dec OBJECTIVE: To deter­mine the risk of seri­ous bac­te­r­i­al infec­tions (SBIs) in young febrile infants with and with­out viral infec­tions. RESULTS: Of the 4778 enrolled infants, 2945 (61.6%) had viral test­ing per­formed, of whom 1200 (48.1%) were virus pos­i­tive; 44 of the 1200 had SBIs…

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الإرتجاع عند الأطفال دكتور مجاهد راغب البسرة إستشارى طب الأطفال وحديثى الولادة تنتشر ظاهرة الإرتجاع بين الأطفال الرضع خلال الستة شهور الأولى من عمر الطفل وهى عبارة عن إرتداد تلقائى لجزء من اللبن من المعدة إلى الفم بدون مجهود من الطفل ويحدث عادة خلال ساعة من الرضاعة وهذه الظاهره تسبب…

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بكاء الطفل المولود

د.مجاهد راغب البسره إستشارى طب الاطفال وحديثى الولادة قدوم طفل جديد يعتبر حدث مهم لكل أسرة وخاصة الطفل الاول والذى ينال الكثير من الإهتمام والترقب  من الأم والأب وتظل الصرخة الأولى للطفل بعد الولادة فى غاية الأهمية فهى تريح القلوب وتبعث السكينة والإطمئنان فى قلوب الجميع لما لها من دلالة…

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Enteral lactoferrin to prevent infection for very preterm infants: the ELFIN RCT

Grif­fiths et al, Health Tech­nol­o­gy Assess­ment,Decem­ber 2018 Abstract Back­ground Infec­tions acquired in hos­pi­tal are an impor­tant cause of mor­bid­i­ty and mor­tal­i­ty in very preterm infants. Sev­er­al small tri­als have sug­gest­ed that sup­ple­ment­ing the enter­al diet of very preterm infants with lacto­fer­rin, an antimi­cro­bial pro­tein processed from cow’s milk, pre­vents infec­tions…

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طفلى حديث الولادة و الصفراء

أ.د. أسامه عرفة إستشارى طب الأطفال وحديثى الولادة مستشفى بورفؤاد — بورسعيد يعتبر تغير لون جلد الطفل حديث الولادة إلى اللون الأصفر من الظواهر الشائعة جدا هذه الأيام ويصاحبها تساؤلات عديدة ولغط كثير من طرق العلاج والأسباب وخلاصة هذا الموضوع إن الأسباب العلمية حتى الآن غير محددة ولكن هناك نظريات…

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Does Using a Nasal Barrier Dressing Prevent Nasal Injury in Premature Infants Receiving Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure?

Imbu­lana et al. The Jour­nal of Pedi­atrics 2018 In infants less than 30 weeks’ ges­ta­tion and/or with birth weight less than 1250 grams receiv­ing nasal con­tin­u­ous pos­i­tive air­way pres­sure (NCPAP), does the use of a bar­ri­er dress­ing com­pared with no bar­ri­er dress­ing decrease the inci­dence of nasal injury when used…

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  • Next Conference Port-Said Neonatology 15/10/2019