Temperature Probe Placement during Preterm Infant Resuscitation: A Randomised Trial

Bensouda et al, Neonatology 2018 Abstract Background: Hypothermia on admission to intensive care is associated with poor outcomes in preterm infants. The neonatal resuscitation program recommends the use of servo-control thermoregulation during resuscitation. Very little evidence exists to guide optimal temperature probe placement in the delivery room. Objective: The aim…

Continue reading

The Impact of Maternal Gestational Hypertension and the Use of Anti-Hypertensives on Neonatal Myocardial Performance

Breatnach et al, Neonatology 2018 Abstract Background: Assessment of myocardial performance in neonates using advanced techniques such as deformation imaging and rotational mechanics has gained considerable interest. The applicability of these techniques for elucidating abnormal myocardial performance in various clinical scenarios is becoming established. We hypothesise that term infants born…

Continue reading

First Trimester Vaginal Ureaplasma Biovar Colonization and Preterm Birth: Results of a Prospective Multicenter Study

Waldhoer et al, Neonatology 2018 Background: While there is a proven association of upper genital tract Ureaplasma infection during pregnancy with adverse pregnancy outcome, the effect of vaginal Ureaplasma colonization on preterm delivery has been controversially debated. Objectives: We hypothesized that women with isolation of vaginal U. parvum but not…

Continue reading

Parenteral Nutrition in Critically Ill Children

Nilesh and Mehta, N Engl J Med 2016 Adequate nutrient delivery may help to offset the catabolic burden imposed by critical illness, preventing nutritional deterioration and improving outcomes. However, questions regarding the most appropriate dose of macronutrients, the route of delivery, and particularly the timing of supplemental parenteral nutrition in critically…

Continue reading

Incidence of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis in high-income countries: a systematic review

Battersby et al, Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Jan Abstract The early survival of preterm babies has increased in high-resource settings, and as a consequence, the number at risk of serious complications that commonly occur in the neonatal period, such as necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), is increasing. NEC is now one of the…

Continue reading

Nasal High-Flow Therapy for Primary Respiratory Support in Preterm Infants

Roberts  et al, N Engl J Med. 2016 Sep  Abstract BACKGROUND: Treatment with nasal high-flow therapy has efficacy similar to that of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) when used as postextubation support in neonates. The efficacy of high-flow therapy as the primarymeans of respiratory support for preterm infants with respiratory distress has not been proved.   CONCLUSIONS: When used as primary support for preterm infants with respiratory distress, high-flow therapy resulted in a significantly higher rate of treatment failure than did…

Continue reading

Benefits and Risks of Antiretroviral Therapy for Perinatal HIV Prevention

Fowler et al, N Engl J Med. 2016 Nov   Abstract BACKGROUND: Randomized-trial data on the risks and benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) as compared with zidovudine and single-dose nevirapine to prevent transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in HIV-infected pregnant women with high CD4 counts are lacking. CONCLUSIONS: Antenatal ART resulted in significantly lower rates of early HIV transmission than…

Continue reading

  • Subscription Your E-Mail for our Newsletter

    In order to receive our newsletters via e-mail you kindly have to fill the form below. we will send you an email to confirm, please confirm your email address and to ensure that our emails are not blocked by the spam-filter of your antivirus or our confirm email in your spam filter or junk mail