Intraventricular hemorrhage in neonates born before 32 weeks of gestation-retrospective analysis of risk factors.

Szpecht et al, Childs Nerv Syst. 2016 May 28

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) affects 15-20 % of babies born before 32 weeks of pregnancy. A lot of risk factors of developing IVH are known. The making appropriate recommendations for dealing with infant born less than 32 weeks of gestation aimed at reducing the incidence of IVH is still needed. The study aim was to determine the incidence and analyze risk factors of IVH stage 3 and 4 in infants born before 32 + 0 weeks of pregnancy.

RESULT: The incidence of IVH stage 3 and 4 was higher in children: with less use of AST (OR 1.27; 0.62-2.61), born out of third-level hospitals (OR 2.25; 1.23-4.08), born with asphyxia (OR 3.46; 1.8-6.64), with acidosis treated with NaHCO3 (OR 6.67; 3.78-11.75), those who in the first days of life were treated for hypotension (OR 9.92; 5.12-19.21).

CONCLUSION: No or uncompleted antenatal steroid therapy increased probability for development of severe intraventricular hemorrhage. Antenatal steroids therapy should be promoted among women at risk of a premature delivery. Hypotension therapy with catecholamines and acidosis with sodium hydrogen carbonate should be carefully considered. The use of appropriate prophylaxis of perinatal (antenatal steroids therapy women at risk of preterm birth, limiting the indications for the use of catecholamines for hypotension treatment and sodium hydrogen carbonate for acidosis therapy, limitation of preterm deliveries outside tertiary referral centeres) significantly reduces the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage stage 3 and 4. The significance of intraventricular hemorrhage creates a need to carry out periodical analysis, at regional level, concerning its incidence, causes and effects to improve local treatment outcomes by identifying further courses of action