Birth status, child growth, and adult outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Stein et al, J Pediatr. 2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of being born preterm or small for gestational age (SGA) on several adult outcomes.

RESULTS: Compared with those born term and at appropriate size for gestational age, schooling attainment was 0.44 years lower (95% CI, 0.17-0.71 years) in those born preterm and 0.41 years lower (95% CI, 0.20-0.62 years) in those born term but SGA.

CONCLUSION: Being born preterm or term but SGA is associated with persistent deficits in adult height and schooling, but is not related to blood pressure or blood glucose level in low- and middle-income settings. Increased postnatal growth is associated with gains in height and schooling regardless of birth status, but not with increases in blood pressure or blood glucose level.