Kaufman et al, BMJ 2017
Objective To determine if a simple stimulation method increases the rate of infant voiding for clean catch urine within five minutes.
Gentle suprapubic cutaneous stimulation using gauze soaked in cold fluid is used.
Design Randomised controlled trial.
Main outcome measures The primary outcome was voiding of urine within five minutes. Secondary outcomes were successful collection of a urine sample, contamination rate, and parental and clinician satisfaction with the method.