Effect of Prophylactic Indomethacin in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants Based on the Predicted Risk of Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Foglia et al, Neonatology 2018

Abstract

Background: Prophylactic indomethacin reduces the risk of severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) but does not reduce death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Some investigators have suggested that prophylactic indomethacin may have a greater treatment effect on severe IVH among infants at high risk for severe IVH. 

Objective: To determine whether the relative treatment effects of prophylactic indomethacin on severe IVH and the composite outcome of death or NDI vary based on the risk of severe IVH. 

Conclusions: These findings do not support selective prophylactic indomethacin treatment to improve long-term outcomes of ELBW infants at high risk for severe IVH.