Behavioral problems are associated with cognitive and language scores in toddlers born extremely preterm

Lowe et al, Ear­ly Hum Dev. 2018 Dec

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the relationship of parent-reported child behaviors on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to cognition, language, and motor skills on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development — III (Bayley-III) in toddlers born extremely preterm.

This study showed that parent reported behavior problems were related to lower cognitive, language, and motor development in toddlers born extremely preterm. Early findings of behavioral problems in toddlers born extremely premature may help identify children at greater risk for later learning difficulties. Adding a measure of behavior to the evaluation of these children may help better understand factors that can contribute to delays, especially in cognition and language.