Lung Function at 8 and 16 Years After Moderate-to-Late Preterm Birth: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Thun­qvist et al, Pedi­atrics. 2016 Mar  Knowl­edge regard­ing lung func­tion after mod­er­ate­ly preterm birth is lim­it­ed. We there­fore inves­ti­gat­ed lung func­tion at ear­ly school age and ado­les­cence among chil­dren born mod­er­ate­ly preterm. RESULTS: At age 8 years, adjust­ed forced expi­ra­to­ry vol­ume in 1 sec­ond was low­er in preterm female sub­jects…

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Impact of antenatal steroids on intraventricular hemorrhage in very-low-birth weight infants.

Wei et al, J Peri­na­tol. 2016 Mar 24. Abstract OBJECTIVE: To deter­mine the asso­ci­a­tion between ante­na­tal steroids admin­is­tra­tion and intra­ven­tric­u­lar hem­or­rhage rates. RESULTS: In 25 979 very-low-birth weight infants, ante­na­tal steroid use was asso­ci­at­ed with a reduc­tion in inci­dence of any grade of intra­ven­tric­u­lar hem­or­rhage (odds ratio=0.68, 95% con­fi­dence inter­val: 0.62,…

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Fish oil supplementation improves pregnancy outcomes and size of the newborn: a meta-analysis of 21 randomized controlled trials.

Chen et al, J Matern Fetal Neona­tal Med. 2016 Jun Abstract OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of fish oil on relat­ed preg­nan­cy out­comes. RESULTS: Twen­ty-one stud­ies com­pris­ing 10 802 preg­nant women were includ­ed. Dietary fish oil was asso­ci­at­ed with a 5.8-day increase in ges­ta­tion­al age of the new­born, a 22% reduced…

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Transient Intermittent Hypoxia Exposure Disrupts Neonatal Bone Strength.

Kim et al, Front Pedi­atr. 2016 Mar  Abstract A brief inter­mit­tent hypox­ia (IH, ambi­ent O2 lev­els alter­nat­ing between room air and 12% O2) for 1 h imme­di­ate­ly after birth result­ed in pan­cre­at­ic islet dys­func­tion asso­ci­at­ed with zinc defi­cien­cy as pre­vi­ous­ly report­ed. We hypoth­e­sized that IH expo­sure mod­u­lates zinc home­osta­sis in bone…

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Feeding Neonates by Cup: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

McK­in­ney et al, Matern Child Health J. 2016 Mar 25. Abstract Objec­tive WHO and UNICEF rec­om­mend cup feed­ing for neonates unable to breast­feed in low-resource set­tings. In devel­oped coun­tries, cup feed­ing in lieu of bot­tle feed­ing in the neona­tal peri­od is hypoth­e­sized to improve breast­feed­ing out­comes for those ini­tial­ly unable…

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Predictors of Breastfeeding Initiation and Frequency for Preterm Infants in the NICU.

Vilen et al, J Obstet Gynecol Neona­tal Nurs. 2016 Mar  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To deter­mine fac­tors that pre­dict the ini­ti­a­tion and fre­quen­cy of breast­feed­ing, atti­tudes about breast­feed­ing, and the self-effi­­ca­­cy of moth­ers of preterm infants in a neona­tal inten­sive care unit. RESULTS: Preterm infants ini­ti­at­ed breast­feed­ing at the medi­an post­na­tal age…

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Neonatal risk factors of atopic dermatitis in Denmark — results from a nationwide register based study.

Ege­berg etal, Pedi­atr Aller­gy Immunol. 2016 Mar 7 Atopic der­mati­tis (AD) is a chron­ic inflam­ma­to­ry skin con­di­tion with a mul­ti­fac­to­r­i­al etiopatho­gen­e­sis. Stud­ies have sug­gest­ed that sev­er­al peri­na­tal fac­tors may influ­ence the risk of AD in ear­ly child­hood. We inves­ti­gat­ed pos­si­ble neona­tal risk fac­tors such as jaun­dice, blue light pho­tother­a­py, birth weight,…

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Reducing pain during vaccine injections: clinical practice guideline

 Anna Tad­dio et al, CMAJ 2015.  Clin­i­cians who admin­is­ter vac­cines can take a series of proac­tive actions, includ­ing shuf­fling the order of injec­tions, lever­ag­ing the calm­ing influ­ence of par­ents and breast-feed­ing, and rou­tine­ly apply­ing top­i­cal anes­thet­ic, to alle­vi­ate pain for patients of all ages, accord­ing to a new clin­i­cal prac­tice guide­line.…

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Estimating umbilical catheter insertion depth in newborns using weight or body measurement: a randomised trial

 Kier­an et al, Arch Dis Child Fetal Neona­tal 2014  Abstract Objec­tive Incor­rect­ly posi­tioned umbil­i­cal venous and arte­r­i­al catheters (UVC and UAC) are asso­ci­at­ed with increased rates of com­pli­ca­tions in new­borns. Catheter inser­tion depth is often esti­mat­ed using body sur­face mea­sure­ment. We wished to deter­mine whether esti­mat­ing inser­tion depth of umbil­i­cal catheters…

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Preterm Birth and Poor Fetal Growth as Risk Factors of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Sucks­dorff, et al, Pedi­atrics, August, 2015 Abstract BACKGROUND: Pre­vi­ous stud­ies have shown an asso­ci­a­tion between pre­ma­tu­ri­ty and atten­tion-deficit/hy­per­ac­tiv­i­ty dis­or­der (ADHD). Results con­cern­ing late preterm infants are con­tro­ver­sial, and stud­ies exam­in­ing fetal growth rep­re­sent­ed by weight for ges­ta­tion­al age are scarce. Our objec­tive was to exam­ine the asso­ci­a­tion between ges­ta­tion­al age…

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