Videolaryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy for tracheal intubation in neonates

Cochrane review, 18 February 2015 Background Establishment of secure airway is a critical part of neonatal resuscitation both in the delivery room and in the neonatal unit. Videolaryngoscopy is a new technique that has the potential to facilitate successful endotracheal intubation and decrease adverse consequences of delay in airway stabilization.…

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Variation in Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Heart Disease in Infants

 Quartermain, et al Pediatrics, 2015 .  ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Prenatal diagnosis allows improved perioperative outcomes for fetuses with certain forms of congenital heart disease (CHD). Variability in prenatal diagnosis has been demonstrated in other countries, leading to efforts to improve fetal imaging protocols and access to care, but has…

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Azithromycin in Early Infancy and Pyloric Stenosis

Matthew  et al, Pediatrics, February, 2015 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Use of oral erythromycin in infants is associated with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). The risk with azithromycin remains unknown. We evaluated the association between exposure to oral azithromycin and erythromycin and subsequent development of IHPS. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of children…

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Physical activity programs for promoting bone mineralization and growth in preterm infants Updated

Background:  Lack of physical stimulation may contribute to metabolic bone disease of preterm infants, resulting in poor bone mineralization and growth. Physical activity programs combined with adequate nutrition might help to promote bone mineralization and growth. Authors’ conclusions:  Some evidence suggests that physical activity programs might promote short-term weight gain…

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