Burden and Outcomes of Severe Pertussis Infection in Critically Ill Infants

Straney, et al, Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Abstract Objectives: Despite World Health Organization endorsed immunization schedules, Bordetella pertussis continu es to cause severe infections, predominantly in infants. There is a lack of data on the frequency and outcome of severe pertussis infections in infants requiring ICU admission. We aimed to…

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Risk of Preterm or Small-for-Gestational-Age Birth After Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

Vazquez-Benitez et al, Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Abstract Vaccines are increasingly targeted to ward women of reproductive age, and vaccines to prevent influenza and pertussis are recommended during pregnancy. Prelicensure clinical trials typically have not included pregnant women, and when they are included, trials cannot detect rare events. Thus, postmarketing vaccine…

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Noninvasive ventilation for RDS in preterm infants

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference, October 2016 Prof  Nesrin Handoka,    Associate professor of pediatrics, Head of pediatric department, Port said university Abstract: Introduction: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is the most common respiratory morbidity in preterm infants. Invasive mechanical ventilation through the endotracheal tube (ETT) has been the…

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Guidelines of Acute caustic injury and foreign body ingestion in children

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference, October 2016 Prof  Tarek Barakat, MD Ass Professor of Pediatrics/ Gastroentrerology& Hepatology Faculty of Medicine – Mansoura University Ingestion of caustic agents and foreign bodies by children is not uncommon, sometimes potentially serious event. The gold standard of safely assessing depth, extent of…

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NICU Gastrointestinal incidence ; a model to learn safe care

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Prof Safaa El Meneza, MD, DTQM, DGSHH ,DHPE, Professor of Pediatrics ,Faculty of Medicine for Girls, ALAzhar University Introduction : Patient Safety is prevention of  injuries produced  by medical care, detection of hazards proactively & implementation of  changes to prevent these events. The aim of this…

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Neonatal Dermatological emergencies

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Prof Hany Abu El Wafa, Professor of dermatology, Faculty of medicine, Al Azhar university, Damietta The neonates are unique in several ways in comparison with older children and adults which render them highly susceptible to severe, sometimes life threatening dermatological disorders. The neonatal dermatological…

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Paracetamol: Safety and efficacy in PDA closure in preterm babies

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Prof Alaa Sobieh, Pediatric cardiology consultant, pediatric department, Cairo university, Specialized pediatric hospital Following birth, and with the separation of the placenta and initiation of breathing, the circulation changes and the ductus closes. In preterm newborns the ductus frequently fails to close. As a…

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Incorporation of The New International Postnatal Growth Standards for Preterm Infants into the child health development record

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Prof Leila Cheikh Ismail, PhD, Nutrition and Dietetics, Nutritional Biochemistry. University of Oxford, London,UK. The INTERGROWTH-21ST Project- Concept, is to develop new “prescriptive” standards describing normal fetal and preterm neonatal growth over time and newborn nutritional status, and to relate these to neonatal health risk.  The…

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Patient Safety in NICU

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Prof Mohamed El Kalioby, Professor of Pediatrics, Faculty of medicine, ENSTN Contact Person, Suez canal university Patient safety is the reduction of risk of unnecessary harm associated with health care to an acceptable minimum (WHO, 2014).  There is overwhelming evidence that significant numbers of patients are…

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Post Resuscitation Guidelines

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Prof Ahmed El Sawah,  Professor of Pediatrics, head of ICU, Al Azhar univ Cardiovascular and hemodynamic derangements are common when spontaneous circulation returns (ROSC) after a cardiac arrest. These abnormalities include:- A- Hypovolemic shock B- Cardiogenic shock AND C- The vasodilator shock associated with the…

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Common medical mistakes in N I C U

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Prof Osama Arafa, P h. D. Pediatrics – Consultant of Pediatrics & Neonatology The incidence and consequences of medication errors in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) demonstrate the importance of established safety procedures and guid elines for the prescribing, dispensing, and administration of…

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Neonatal resuscitation guidelines 2016

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Prof Mohamed Khashaba, Professor of pediatrics & neonatology, Faculty of medicine, Al Mansoura university. The objective of the talk is to illustrate the new guidelines of management of the newborn baby in the delivery room as announced 2016. The main changes include suctioning, intubation, management of…

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Neonatal skin in health & disease

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Amal H.A. Gomaa, Associate Professor of Dermatology. faculty of medicine, Suez canal university Abstract: There are many skin findings that present in the neonatal period, most of them are benign and some are potentially life threatening. It is important to identify them and decide which of…

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The impact of kangaroo mother care on cerebral blood flow of preterm infants

Abstract from Port Said Seventh Neonatology Conference Prof Afaf Korraa Prof of pediatrics & head of pediatric department, School of Medicine, Al Azhar University, Egypt Kangaroo mother care(KMC) is a standardized protocol –based care for preterm and low birth weight infants. *KMC Egypt *was an initiative to scale up. Objective:To evaluate…

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Clinical Pharmacokinetics of Penicillins, Cephalosporins and Aminoglycosides in the Neonate: A Review

Pacifici, Pharmaceuticals (Basel). 2010 Aug Abstract Bacterial infections are common in the neonates and are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Sixty percent of preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units received at least one antibiotic during the first week of life. Penicillins, aminoglycosides and cephalosporins comprised 53, 43…

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Gut bacteria dysbiosis and necrotising enterocolitis in very low birthweight infants: a prospective case-control study

Warner et al, Lancet.  2016 BACKGROUND: Gut bacteria might predispose to or protect from necrotising enterocolitis, a severe illness linked to prematurity. In this observational prospective study we aimed to assess whether one or more bacterial taxa in the gut differ between infants who subsequently develop necrotising enterocolitis (cases) and those…

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Early High-Dose Caffeine Increases Seizure Burden in Extremely Preterm Neonates: A Preliminary Study

Vesoulis et al, Caffeine Res. 2016 Sep . AbstractBackground: Although evidence suggests that methylxanthines may lower the seizure threshold, the effect of high-dose caffeine on seizure burden in preterm infants is not known. This study reports a secondary post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial of early high-dose caffeine citrate…

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Effect of obesity on neonatal outcomes in pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of membranes

Faucett et al, Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Feb Abstract BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is associated with increased systemic inflammation and an increased risk of preterm premature rupture of membranes. There is an established association between an inflammatory intrauterine environment and adverse neonatal outcomes that is independent of gestational age and mediated…

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